Author: Sucharitha. Koppula
What is health care assistance?
It is defined as providing the health literacy information to the public by the health care assistants are like health care professionals i.e., nurses, pharmacy, physicians regarding how to maintain the proper hygiene, medication using advantages and disadvantages.
Introduction: The main of providing health care assistance to the public is to get the best possible health outcomes. But here some factors are influencing the public health care such as poor economic background, transportation problems, poor health literacy, inadequate knowledge about the policies and schemes provided by the government and provide health care sector and lack of ability to communicate with health care professionals. WHO (World Health Organization) will provide all updated healthcare information and guidelines to the healthcare team and public. Main goal of universal healthcare is to create the highest possibility of healthcare and assistance, by providing the health policies and improving the health literacy, providing the free medications in rural areas etc.
What will happen if there is no proper health care assistance:
Types of health care programs, schemes and policies and its eligibility criteria: There are mainly two types of sectors are providing the health schemes, those are, one is government sector and the second one is private sector.
Government health care programs and schemes: There we have many schemes for the public health care. Such as,
Maternal, Neonatal, Child and Adolescent health:
Communicable diseases: To treat the communicable diseases are like TB, Leprosy, AIDS etc., there we have many programs.
Health programs for non-communicable diseases:
The main theme of this Programme is to ensure the availability of minimum mental health care to the public.
Patients’ responsibilities on medications: What people have to do for the public health care? and what are the responsibilities should they follow. As a patient what kind of responsibilities do we have to take care?
Ask Questions (?)
By asking the questions, we will know how to build our public health care literacy…… hence, we will get to know how to eradicate the medication errors.
Asking the health care professional about the condition or the disease condition and after it asking about the medications and usages, asking about the diet plan (like what kind of food we can take during the medication time since there are food-drug interactions are there), drug frequency, dosage, route of administration, food-drug & drug-drug interactions, follow up schedule, etc….
Healthcare professionals will provide all details regarding the health Diseases & it’s Prescribed and Non-prescribed drugs and vaccines importance information.
Physicians will diagnose the disease and will prescribe the pharmacological treatment plan to the patient after knowing the disease symptoms and previous medical condition and medications to the pharmacist to dispense the medications for the patient.
And here the Hospital pharmacist (HP) will provide the total medications information to the public.
Clinical Pharmacist (CP)will provide the medication uses and its importance. CP gives the details about the Adverse drug reactions, toxicity, over dosage, missed dose, withdrawal symptoms, rational drug use, drug resistance and useful apps usage.
Some drugs show the unexpected side effects those are called as Adverse drug reactions. People should use the drugs up to the date of physician’s prescription and should take the medication at what time doctor has prescribed and they should take the dosage as prescribed if any increases the dosage (over dosage) it may accumulates in the liver and shows the toxicity. And it will damage the all-main organs in the body and may leads to death if there is no proper treatment. By any chance if you miss the dose, you should not double up the dose because it may cause the toxicity and if you abruptly stop the taking of medications shall again the disease symptoms will reappear is called as withdrawal symptoms. For example, if any bacterial infection is there and the patient has used the antibacterial drugs and if the patient abruptly stops the medication by observing the cured bacteria infection. Since there is no symptoms of bacterial infection patient abruptly stops the medications, then it may lead to formation of bacterial resistance. Hence, the bacteria again show the increased infection and the antibiotics should not show any results know.
Hence, the Physicians says that should not stop the usage of medications. Follow the instructions and use the entire course of the medications.
Community pharmacist will explain the 5R’s (rational drug therapy) the right patient, the right drug, the right dose, the right route, and the right time. By these good therapeutic results, we can see in the patient & reduce the ADR’s and they will explain the total health care schemes and free treatment schedules, ADR’s reporting, OTC drugs and all the health benefits to the public. Mainly they will explain how to use the health beneficial apps etc.
Patient has the responsibility to inform their health issues to the health care professionals to get the good health care community.
“PREVENTION IS BETTER WHEN PUBLIC HAS
GOOD HEALTH LITERACY”
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